If you enter cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong or Chongqing – your first impression will be “wow”. Everybody will be able to see that you are new in this city, not because of your appearance as foreigner, but of your astonished facial expression. These cities are the best what China has to offer. And they are able to compete with the best in the world.
Here we want give you an introduction about these cities:
Beijing City is an independently administered municipal district. It is situated in the northeastern part of China at an elevation of 43.5m above sea level. The climate in Beijing is of the continental type, with cold and dry winters and hot summers. January is the coldest month (-4 Celsius), while July the warmest (26 Celsius). Beijing has 13 Million registered people.
Beijing literally translated means: Northern Capital. This city has a very long history. First announced 1000 b.C. . Dschingis Khan harried the city in the year 1215. He renamed the city to: Dadu. The Mongolian ruled approximately 150years over the city before a revolution dispelled them. During the second World War, China was hard under attack. The political residence had to be removed to Chongqing temporarily. In the year 1949 Mao exclaimed on the Tianan’men square in front of 500’000 people the Republic of China. Mao opened slowly the country over the world. During the last half century, Beijing’s face changed daily. Today this city is one of the biggest and modernest metropolis in the world.
A world-renowned ancient cultural city, boasting many scenic spots and historical monuments, precious artifacts and world-famous architectural wonders, such as the Forbidden City , which was the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties. The Summer Palace , a summer resort for the Qing court, sitting within the largest Chinese-style garden in existence. The Great Wall , with a history of over 2000 years, being one of the most amazing feats of human labour. The only man-made construction on earth visible from outer space. The Ming Tombs , the mausoleums of 13 emperors of the Ming Dynasty. The Temple of Heaven , where the Ming and Qing emperors prayed for good harvests. The Tian’anmen Square , located in the heart of the capital, known as one of the largest city squares in the world.
Shanghai – fastest growing city on the east coast
As the largest and most prosperous city in the nation, Shanghai is the economic, financial and cultural centre of China. Young, vibrant and cool, Shanghai is a spectacularly modern city. The pace of development here is unbelievable! Developers boast that the city is changing at a rate incomparable to anywhere else in the world.
Shanghai, the fishing village on a mud flats which almost literally overnight became a great metropolis.
Shanghai (“Above the Sea”) is very rarely mentioned. The earliest reference to what is now Shanghai is placed at approximately B.C. 200, when it was called "liu-tuh" and known as a fishing community. From that remote date until A.C. 1280, when it acquired the name of Shanghai, there is a marked hiatus in the historical record. In 1843 Shanghai opened to foreign trade. Throughout the ninety years of its occupation by foreigners Shanghai has frequently been the centre or a major theatre of stressful military and political action.
Through the ninety years of its modern existence, many new constructions were added to Shanghai’s city face. Jin Mao Building is the symbolic architecture of Shanghai's entry into 21st century. The Oriental Pearl Tower is a multi-functional establishment. " The Bund " is a long, storied road in Shanghai. Behind the Bund are old buildings representing architectural styles from different countries. Shanghai Museum , a museum of ancient Chinese art, was founded in 1952. However, t he best sight is the city itself.
When the British first arrive in Hong Kong they found a small fishing community and a haven for traveller and pirates in the South China Sea. After the first Opium War, the territory was ceded to Britain. In 1860 Britain gained Kowloon and Stonecutters Island. In 1898 Britain leased the new Territories for 99-years. In 1984, Britain and China drafted an contract that Hong Kong would revert back to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. In 1997 Britain consign Hong Kong back to China. However, commercial, social and legal life of Hong Kong would remain as it is until 2047.
Hong Kong is an international city, located at the heart of Asia. It contains of 235 islands or an area of less than 1100 square kilometres and has a population of almost 7 million people. Its per capita GDP is one of the highest in Asia. Hong Kong is a perfect starting point to open the Asia Market, therefore 2,000 multinational companies are on-site.
Hong Kong’s beautiful islands and magnificent skyline let it become the most popular tourist destination in Asia. It offers hotels of a high standard and air access to all major cities worldwide. Its free port status makes it one of the most attractive shopping destinations in the world.
Its unique location and good linked air system let it become a first choice for international exhibitions and conventions. About 60 airlines operate more than 1600 flights weekly between Hong Kong and more than 100 cities.
Chongqing ("Double Celebration") was originally called Jiangzhou, Yuzhou and then Gongzhou, before getting its present name nearly 800 years ago. From the Qin Dynasty (221BC~206BC) onwards, many dynasties have set up various administrative institutions there, which endowed the city with brilliant culture. Perched beside the "Golden River" of the Yangtze River, Chongqing is the symbol of Changjiang civilization and also the cradle of Bayu culture.
The number one specialty of Chongqing is Sichuan hotpot , in which diners cook their own sliced meat and vegetables in a bubbling pot of soup or spiced oil.
Chongqing attracts visitors from home and abroad for its cultural heritage and tourist attractions. The city is the starting point of the Yangtze River Cruise , which is expected to explore the wonderful scenery of the Three Gorges .
Chongqing has many attractions including Dazu Grottoes , carved during the ninth century, which are valuable works of art and not to be missed is the Gold Buddhist Mountain , reputed as a rich repository of diverse animals and plants; and there's the Fishing Town, which is one of the three ancient battlefields in China. Traveling in Chongqing, one will feel fortunate to be able to savor the delicious local food, such as Sichuan cuisine and the world-famous hot pot dishes. Also, the handicrafts made from bamboo have been enjoying great popularity among the visitors
Chongqing's nickname as the "Fog City" or "Furnace" is no exaggeration. Annual average temperature is 18C to 20C, with the lowest temperature of 6 C in winter and the highest temperature of 38C in summer. One will enjoy a warm winter but a hot summer. Annual average rainfall is about 1000 (39.4 inches) to 1400 (55.12 inches) millimeter.
Chongqing has plenty of night rain all year round. So the best time to visit Chongqing should be in spring, autumn and winter.